and BRAIN-BASED LEARNING!!
WeBelong School has as its foundation the science of brain-based learning, the natural parent of Social and Emotional Learning (SEL - its brainchild :). Educators have combined neuroscience and its modern brain-scan technology with student-centered pedagogy (system of teaching, although in this case it's learning). Developed especially since the 1960s, student-centered learning now has its efficacy proven by science! Brain-based Learning has produced a student-centered system of learning that is rooted in science and based on evidence of how the brain actually works! Now we understand scientifically what students - especially children - need most to help their brains learn optimally: plenty of sleep, good nutrition and water, and a socially, emotionally, physically, and creatively safe environment of relaxed alertness.
What the brain most definitely does not need in order to learn is too much stress. What happens with an overload of stress is the neocortex, home of higher-order thinking, automatically shuts down as the body's autonomic nervous system takes over brain function in a fight or flight reflex. This condition is recognizable in situations of great fear; it is hard to think in times of panic. On the other hand, students thrive academically in socially and emotionally safe environments of relaxed alertness because they are able to focus calmly on learning, with only a little bit of stress in the guise of inspiration or competition or challenge. Their higher-order thinking skills flourish as they welcome the brain's normal love of complexity. Brain-based Learning, the natural system of learning that supports the brain's natural function, has not only given rise to Social and Emotional Learning, but also the recognition of Emotional Intelligence (Goleman, 1995), Multiple Intelligences (Gardner, 1993), and the audio, visual, and kinesthetic learning styles. When a child or adult has undergone great trauma, and has experienced powerlessness in the matter, whole sections of the brain that deal with higher-order thinking and long- and short-term memory may be negatively affected. Under these conditions, the overburdened student must find ways to re-program their traumatized neural pathways and consciously lay down new ones in order to effectively learn again. The good news is that with emotional healing, we can also heal - or grow, or change - the brain! (Barton, 2007; Smilkstein, 2003; Jensen & Dabney, 2000). A student supported with social and emotional safety can consciously create new and re-program old neural pathways to form renewed thought patterns.
Social and Emotional Learning has become de rigeur in many school districts across the country, although in my experience it is usually referred to as evidence-based curriculum. Online learning has fully adopted many of the tenets of SEL in its emphasis on sharing (Bonk, 2011), collaboration, and Netiquette (standards for respectful online communication). I have yet to see in my educational travels modes of emotional learning, per se. The blended and online student-empowering curriculum at WeBelong School includes constructive, positive, and kindly delivered feedback, project-based assessment and self-assessment, as well as problem-solving real-world challenges, creating projects, developing and strengthening students' voices, encouraging student choice in assignments, and respecting the diversity of all people and all modes of learning. We like to take advantage of the magical quality of online learning, adding a level of creativity to projects which was unimaginable before (Puentadura, 2014).
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), http://www.ascd.org/Default.aspx.
Awesome Screenshots. Screenshot tool: Google Chrome add-on app. http://www.awesomescreenshot.com/.
Andrade, H. G. (2000). Using rubrics to promote thinking and learning. Educational Leardership (57)5. http://www.ascd.org/ publications/educational-leadership/feb00/vol57/num05/Using-Rubrics-to-Promote-Thinking-and-Learning.aspx.
Barton, R. V. Class Assessment Rubric. Created 3/29/15. Licensed under a Creative Commons attribution, Share Alike Non-Commercial 3.0 License.
Barton, R. V. Engaging Classrooms Wiki. Engagingclassrooms.wikispaces.com. Wikispaces Classroom. Retrieved 3/30/15 from http://engagingclassrooms.wikispaces.com/. Licensed under a Creative Commons attribution, Share Alike Non-Commercial 3.0 License.
Barton, R. V. Screenshots of Engaging Classrooms, Engagingclassrooms.wikispaces.com. Wikispaces Classroom. Retrieved 3/30/15 and 4/12/15 from http://engagingclassrooms.wikispaces.com/. Licensed under a Creative Commons attribution, Share Alike Non-Commercial 3.0 License.
Barton, R. V. (2007). The joy of education: Incorporating brain-based learning into a standards-based curriculum. Master's thesis, Cambridge College, MA: unpublished. © 2007.
Beethoven, L. v. 1812. Symphony No. 7 in A Major, Opus 92. Retrieved 10/2015 from Soundcloud.com.
Bonk, C. J. (2011). Sharing . . . the journey: Prequel to The world is open: How web technology is revolutionizing education.
Chamberlin, L. & Lehmann, K. (2009). Making the move to eLearning: Putting your course online. Rowman and Littlefield: Lanham, Maryland.
Clark, D. Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning Domains. http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html#revised.
Collison, G., Elbaum, B., Haavind, S., Tinker, R. 2000. "What Does Tone Have to Do With It? from Facilitating Online Learning: Effective Strategies for Moderators. ERIC.
Corrigan, J. S. (2013). The ABCD's of writing good objectives to help guide in the development stage. Beyond the Scores: Utilizing Technology in Education. Wordpress. https://beyondthescores.wordpress.com/2013/02/10/the-abcds-of-writing-good-objectives-to/.
DeSautels, Dr. Lori. Incentivizing Your Class: The Engagement-Based Classroom Management Model. Edutopia. 2/2/15. Retrieved 3/30/15 from http://www.edutopia.org/blog/incentivizing-engagement-based-management-model-lori-desautels?utm_source=SilverpopMailing&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=031815%20enews-B%20assess%20ngm&utm_content=&utm_term=top4&spMailingID=10911502&spUserID=MTYyNTA0ODA3NzY2S0&spJobID=501251087&spReportId=NTAxMjUxMDg3S0.
Dewey, J. Retrieved 8/23/15 from Module 1, Activity 5, E-learning for Educators, C. 2015. Maggie Rouman.
Eboni, D. (2009). Mager and ABCD method: Writing behavioral objectives. https://ipttoolkit.wordpress.com/2009/09/10/mager-and-abcd-method-writing-behavioral-objectives/.
Educause Learning Initiative. (2005). 7 things you should know about . . . Blogs. www.educause.edu/eli/.
Erbe, J. L. (2015). Assessment in E-Learning-SP15-931C-1129, Introduction to Module Two.
Faculty Center for Teaching and Learning, Missouri State. (2010). Writing Student Learning Objectives. Retrieved from PDF at https://www.missouristate.edu/assets/fctl/Writing_Student_Learning_Objective_12-06-2010.pdf.
Furger, R. (2005). "Assessment for understanding." Edutopia Online. www.glef.org.
Gardner, H. (1983). Multiple intelligences: The theory in practice. 1993. New York: Basic Books: A Member of the Perseus Books Group.
Garland, C. Mandan School District, North Dakota. Ways to Assess Student Engagement. From PDF Student Engagement 3,
from http://www.mandan.k12.nd.us/lewisclark/teachers/Garland/include/files/files/Student%20Engagement%203.pdf. By permission. Retrieved 3/30/15.
Gliffy.com. http://www.gliffy.com. Online diagram and flow chart software.
Goethe, in Palloff, R. M., & Pratt, K. (1999). Building learning communities in cyberspace: Effective strategies for the online classroom. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence (3rd ed.). New York: Bantam Dell.
Google Maps. http://www.google.com/maps.
Heinich, R., Molenda, M., Russell, J., and Smaldino, S. (2002). Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning, 7th ed. Englewood Cliffs: Printice Hall in Docendo Discimus (In Teaching, We Learn), retreived from Docendo Discimus (In Teaching, We Learn) at https://dakinburdick.wordpress.com/.
Horton, W. (2011). E-Learning by Design. Pfeiffer: San Francisco.
Jensen, E., & Dabney, M. (2000). Learning smarter: The new science of teaching. San Diego: Brain Store.
Lehmann, K. & Chamberlin, L. (2009). Making the move to eLearning: Putting your course online. Rowman and Littlefield: Lanham, Maryland.
Microsoft Word. Online document and word processing software. https://office.live.com/start/Word.aspx.
Moon, J. (1999). Reflection in Learning and Professional Development. London: Kogan Page. In https://sites.google.com/site/ reflection4learning/why-reflect.
Palloff, R.M., Pratt, K. (2013). Lessons from the Virtual Classroom: The Realities of Online Teaching, 2nd ed., Jossey-Bass: San Francisco.
Palloff, R.M., Pratt, K. (2013). Building Learning Communities in Cyberspace. Jossey-Bass: San Francisco.
Pandurangan, R. ScoolBell Wordpress blog. "How to Use Blogs in the Classroom: A 4-Step Guide." https://scoolbell.wordpress.com/2012/12/28/how-to-use-blogs-in-the-classroom-a-4-step-guide/.
Puentadura, R. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.hippasus.com/rrpweblog/archives/2014/12/11/SAMRandTPCK_HandsOnApproachClassroomPractice.pdf.
Puentadura, R. Film: Introduction to the SAMR model. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=us0w823KY0g.
Puentadura, R. (2003, 2004). Learning, technology, and the SAMR model: Goals, process and practice. http://www.hippasus.com/rrpweblog/archives/2014/06/29/LearningTechnologySAMRModel.pdf.
Rogers, L. TES Global. http://www.tesglobal.com.
Smilkstein, R. (2003). We're born to learn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Steinem, G. in Hayes, C. All In with Chris Hayes, MSNBC TV news transcript (5/6 of the way down). Retrieved from: http://www.nbcnews.com/id/56329798/ns/msnbc-all_in_with_chris_hayes/t/all-chris- hayes-tuesday-october-th/#.VLXrdyvF_T8.
Still, B. (2009). "What the Heck is a PLN?" Retrieved from Nebraska Change Agent blog at http://bethstill.edublogs.org/2009/06/09/what-the-heck-is-a-pln/.
Terribly Write Wordpress. Retrieved from: https://terriblywrite.wordpress.com/quotations-about-writing-and-editing/more-quotations-about-writing-and-editing/.
Thornburg, Ph.D, D. D. (2004). Campfires in Cyberspace: Primordial Metaphors for Learning in the 21st Century. Retrieved from: http://homepages.dcc.ufmg.br/~angelo/webquests/metaforas_imagens/Campifires.pdf
University of Wisconsin-Stout. E-Learning and Online Teaching graduate certification. Online and Distance Education page. http://www.uwstout.edu/de/deo.cfm#iTab_3.
Wikispaces blog. Retrieved 3/30/15 from: http://blog.wikispaces.com/2013/04/announcing-wikispaces-classroom.html.
Wix.com. Blog feature that comes with website builder. http://www.wix.com.
Wix.com. Website builder. http://www.wix.com.
Wolpert-Gawron, Heather. Kids Speak Out on Student Engagement. Edutopia. 4/26/12. Updated 2/24/15. Retrieved March 3/30/15 from http://www.edutopia.org/blog/student-engagement-stories-heather-wolpert-gawron?utm_source=SilverpopMailing&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=031815%20enews-B%20assess%20ngm&utm_content=&utm_term=top1&spMailingID=10911502&spUserID=MTYyNTA0ODA3NzY2S0&spJobID=501251087&spReportId=NTAxMjUxMDg3S0.
YouTube. Film: An Introduction to Social and Emotional Learning. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XfyC0o88zfM&feature=youtu.be.
YouTube. Film: Daniel Goleman Introduces Emotional Intelligence. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y7m9eNoB3NU
YouTube. Film: Five Keys to Social and Emotional Learning Success. http://youtu.be/DqNn9qWoO1M
YouTube. Film: Social and emotional learning: Trish Shaffer at TedxUniversity of Nevada. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LbfpyJfI1ho.
Zull, J. (2002). The Art of Changing the Brain. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing. In Reflection4Learning (https://sites.google.com/ site/reflection4learning/why-reflect).
Multi-media and Image Credits:
Barton, R. Film of Salmon Falls. Vimeo.com. Retrieved from https://vimeo.com/125480387. Creative Commons.
Barton, R. Film of Atlantic Ocean. Vimeo.com. Retrieved from https://vimeo.com/137097765. Creative Commons.
Chambersburg, PA Area School District, Joanne Hammond, Instructor. Source: http://www.usi.edu/distance/bloom%20 pyramid.jpg. Contacting for permission. © 2011 - 2015 Chambersburg Area School District > Web 2.0 Tools Based on Bloom's Digital Taxonomy. All Rights Reserved. 435 Stanley Avenue, Chambersburg, PA 17201. Ph: 717/263-9281. x: 717/261-3321. Retrieved 4/23/15.
First Lady Hillary Clinton, Big Bird and Rosita. Photograph retrieved from the U.S. National Archives, public domain Flickr photograph from 10/14/1993. Retrieved 3/30/15.
FearlessHomeschool.com. Two Bloom rainbow pyramids. Retrieved from: http://thefearlesshomeschool.com/tag/blooms-taxonomy/. Originally found at http://thefearlesshomeschool.com/ 3/30/15.
Jakec. photo from Wikipedia. Sycamore tree branches in March. Date 28 March 2015, 22:51:00 Source Own work Author Jakec (1,902 × 1,504 (2.43 MB)) - 22:06, 29 March 2015. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:Search&search= tree%20branches&fulltext=Search&profile=images. File: Sycamore tree branches in March.JPG).
Keonig, M. More Thunder 2 Sound. License Attribution 3.0 | Recorded by Mike Koenig | File Size: 4.1. Retrieved 10/20/15 from http://soundbible.com/1835-More-Thunder-2.html.
Keonig, M. Ocean Waves. License Attribution 3.0. Sound retrieved 8/24/15 from http://soundbible.com/1935-Ocean-Waves.html.
Logos from Web 2.0 tools all retrieved from public domain 4/23/15.
MacMeekin, M. Encouraging a Team Working Environment: Ways to Put an End to the Red Pen Mentality in Education. Infographic retrieved 7/19/15 from https://anethicalisland.files.wordpress.com/2015/07/img_0444.jpg
MacMeekin, M. Owl tree Bloom's revised digital taxonomy pictochart. With permission. An Ethical Island wordpress. Originally retrieved from https://anethicalisland.wordpress.com/2014/06/05/blooms-revised-taxonomy-with-verbs/ 3/30/15 and 4/16/15. Now found at: http://fineartamerica.com/featured/blooms-taxonomy-with-verbs-shawn-macmeekin.html.
MNPS Bloom's Digital Taxonomy. KC Saturday Academy - Bloom's Taxonomy resources retrieved 3/30/15 from: https://sites.google.com/site/kcksaturdayacademy/math-and-science-resources/blooms-taxonomy.
NASA photograph. Distributary Fan Delta on Mars. NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems, http://www.msss.com/mars_images/moc/2003/11/13/. Jim Secosky modified nasa image http://www.msss.com/mars_images/moc/2003/11/13. Originally found on Wikipedia.org.
NASA photograph. Okavango River delta, Botswana, Africa. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_delta, NASA photo.
Needleman, M. New Bloom Triangle. With permission. www.CreatingLifelongLearners.com. Retrieved 4/23/15.
Puentadura, R. SAMR Model. Retrieved from UW-Stout's online learning Assessment in E-Learning D2L course content, James L. Erbe instructor. 2015. http://www2.uwstout.edu/content/profdev/assessonline762.
Wikipedia Commons. Photo of buttress root system. Commons is a freely licensed media file repository.
Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Leaf#Veins. The venation within the bract of a lime tree. Rosser1954 Roger Griffith - Own work.
Wikipedia. Drawing, dendritic structure of cerebellum. http://en.wikipedia.org.
Wikipedia. Drawing, cerebellum cross-section. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerebellum.
Wikipedia. Fractal art. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E8_(mathematics).
Wikipedia. Photo. Dendritic crystallization. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dendrite_%28crystal%29.
Wikipedia. Photo. Bentley, W. "Bentley Snowflake4" by Wilson Bentley - http://snowflakebentley.com/snowflakes.htm. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bentley_Snowflake4.jpg#/ media/File:Bentley_Snowflake4.jpg.
Wix.com stock photos retrieved courtesy of Wix.com 2015.